The ESPER project aims to improve the living and security conditions of the population in Ituri, North Kivu and South Kivu. ESPER targets more than 2,500,000 people, who will benefit from the improvement of the security situation through the action of the authorities and communities supported by the project.

The project will be implemented in the following targeted areas:

- North Kivu Province (Masisi, Nyiragongo, Rutshuru and Goma)

- South Kivu Province (Uvira City, Uvira Territory, Ruzizi Plain)

- Ituri Province (Aru, Djugu, Irumu and Mahagi)

The project will be implemented in the following target areas:

Uvira territory, South Kivu:

- Chiefdom of the Ruzizi plain (4 groupings: Kakamba, Luberizi, Kabunambo and Kagando)

- Chiefdom of Bafuliiru (Luvungi grouping)

- Chiefdom of Bavira (Bijombo grouping)

Fizi territory, South Kivu:

- Rural municipality of Minembwe (also including villages in the Itombwe sector, in the Mwenga territory)

as well as in areas not covered by the project for punctual activities.

The project will be implemented in the following target areas:

Djugu territory, in Ituri:

- Chiefdom of Northern Bahema

- Chiefdom of Bahema Badjere

- Sector of Walendu Djatsi

- Sector of Walendu Pitsi

- Sector of Walendu Tatsi

- Sector of Banyali Kilo

as well as in areas not covered by the project for punctual activities.

The Programme d'Appui à la Réfome de Décentralisation (PARD, Program in support of the decentralization reform) unites two completementary projects to accompany and support the decentralization and deconcentration process in Tunisia, led by the Ministry of Local Affairs and Environment. The two projects are for institutional and communication support, of which VNG International implements the former. <br />
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The main objective of the Beninese Land Administration Modernization Project (PMAF) is land security for all and support for the completion of the national cadastre. To do this, the project is active for the availability, proper functioning and sustainability of the Beninese national cadastre. This involves strengthening the National Estate and Land Agency (ANDF) in its management capacities (speed of cadastral registration) but also by producing land titles which ensure its legality, stability and financial viability.

The overall goal of the project is a realized transition towards an equitable access to scarce water resources and increased water-use efficiency in the Awash Basin, through improved water resources management and water regulation.<br />
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The goal of the CSF was to contribute to improved citizen voice and accountability for national development and poverty reduction. Through capacity building support to civil society organizations, the anticipated long-term impact is that citizens are empowered to express their views and demand their rights for responsive and inclusive decision-making with transparent and accountable development processes. The four main result achieved are: <br />
(1) CSOs have become stronger organisations; <br />

VNG International provides backstopping mainly to the PAGUDEL 2 (Programme d'Appui à la Gouvernance Urbaine Démocratique et au Développement Économique Local en Tunisie) project, which is carried out by CILG with financial support of DANIDA. <br />
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The PAGUDEL 2 project has as general objective to consolidate democratic local governance enabling local economic development promoting job creation specifically for women and youth. <br />
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The specific objectives of the PAGUDEL 2 project are: <br />

Jeroen Diepemaat, alderman of the Dutch municipality of Enschede, and Julian Baskin, special advisor at Cities Alliance, Members of the advisory committee of the Governance of Inclusive Green Growth in Cities (DEALS) programme set foot on the ground in Kumasi (Ghana) and Sèmè-Podji (Benin) from 2-4 of

Northern Uganda is marked by years of civil war, regional instability and economic disparities. There is an increasing pressure on natural resources such as land, water and wood. Small scale subsistence agriculture and micro/small businesses (mainly shops and workshops) are seen as the only livelihood activities by host communities and refugees.