The Programme d'Appui à la Réfome de Décentralisation (PARD, Program in support of the decentralization reform) unites two completementary projects to accompany and support the decentralization and deconcentration process in Tunisia, led by the Ministry of Local Affairs and Environment. The two projects are for institutional and communication support, of which VNG International implements the former. <br />
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The main objective of the Beninese Land Administration Modernization Project (PMAF) is land security for all and support for the completion of the national cadastre. To do this, the project is active for the availability, proper functioning and sustainability of the Beninese national cadastre. This involves strengthening the National Estate and Land Agency (ANDF) in its management capacities (speed of cadastral registration) but also by producing land titles which ensure its legality, stability and financial viability.

The overall goal of the project is a realized transition towards an equitable access to scarce water resources and increased water-use efficiency in the Awash Basin, through improved water resources management and water regulation.<br />
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The goal of the CSF was to contribute to improved citizen voice and accountability for national development and poverty reduction. Through capacity building support to civil society organizations, the anticipated long-term impact is that citizens are empowered to express their views and demand their rights for responsive and inclusive decision-making with transparent and accountable development processes. The four main result achieved are: <br />
(1) CSOs have become stronger organisations; <br />

VNG International provides backstopping mainly to the PAGUDEL 2 (Programme d'Appui à la Gouvernance Urbaine Démocratique et au Développement Économique Local en Tunisie) project, which is carried out by CILG with financial support of DANIDA. <br />
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The PAGUDEL 2 project has as general objective to consolidate democratic local governance enabling local economic development promoting job creation specifically for women and youth. <br />
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The specific objectives of the PAGUDEL 2 project are: <br />

Jeroen Diepemaat, alderman of the Dutch municipality of Enschede, and Julian Baskin, special advisor at Cities Alliance, Members of the advisory committee of the Governance of Inclusive Green Growth in Cities (DEALS) programme set foot on the ground in Kumasi (Ghana) and Sèmè-Podji (Benin) from 2-4 of

Northern Uganda is marked by years of civil war, regional instability and economic disparities. There is an increasing pressure on natural resources such as land, water and wood. Small scale subsistence agriculture and micro/small businesses (mainly shops and workshops) are seen as the only livelihood activities by host communities and refugees.

The project development objective of ESAP3 is to support strengthening the SA system and mechanisms for enhanced service delivery in Ethiopia. Thus, the ultimate target is service improvement in any of the five basic sectors where ESAP is active, and where SA is considered a critical means to achieve this<br />
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The (specific) objective is to enhance the dialogue and feedback loop between basic service users and service providers on the quality and accessibility of services.<br />
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Co creating gender equalityGender equality is nothing but an idea if not put into practice. I understood that quite quickly after having started working. Gender equality cannot be reduced to a concept, a buzz term, or a bullet point on our checklists, it should be a reality.

A kitchen window blown from its frame; rain slanting horizontally inwards; part of the roof torn into the sky;
tropical storm Idai struck the home of Peter van Tongeren on 14 March this year. The experience added an extra
dimension to his subsequent role in the reconstruction of Beira, the city in Mozambique where he lives and works.
Van Tongeren, VNG International associate expert for the RVO and DEALS programme, told his tale during the lunch