Despite global progress in fighting poverty there are problems of inequality, climate change, environmental degradation, biodiversity loss, conflict, migration and refugee flows. The need has never been greater to develop to balance prosperity with social well-being and environmental protection. Several international conferences in 2015 set out new global agendas to deal with these challenges. There is global recognition that local governments have a significant role in implementing the agreed agendas with other state and non-state organisations.<br />

The Department Climate, Energy, Environment and Water (DME/IGG) of the Directorate General for International Cooperation (DGIS) of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs used external expertise in the field of climate, energy, environment, water (including drinking water, sanitation and integrated water), raw materials and food security. Themes such as sustainability (people, planet, profit), international public goods and gender were an integral part of these policy areas. The Facility for the Deployment of External Facility was established to meet this request for external expertise.

IDEAL (Inclusive Decisions At Local Level) is a programme by VNG International implemented in seven countries facing fragility or conflict: Burundi, Mali, Palestine, Rwanda, Somalia, South Sudan and Uganda. Despite the diverging contexts and topics in the IDEAL programme, we still pursue one common overall objective: “Involving citizens in local governance in order for local authorities to better deal with fragility risks. <br />
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To guard this objective, each of the seven country programmes is centred around the same three outcomes:<br />