There are many ways to promote LED. Not necessarily better or worse ways, but different ways. These publications attempt to capitalise on this diversity, drawing on the experience VNG International and its partners gained in implementing ASPIRE, as well as the experience of other organisations and programmes in the same field. They are an aid to those districts that are striving to foster economic growth and opportunities for their communities, and offer different recipes and ingredients for putting the Territorial Approach to Local Development (TALD) into practice. The TALD approach recognises that district authorities do not operate in a vacuum and need to cooperate with other actors: private sector, civil society, local communities, other districts, and government agencies beyond the district. Under ASPIRE, VNG International has addressed this through strengthening inclusive governance capacity at several levels and promoting intergovernmental relations. 


Both publications start with a general introduction to TALD and LED, addressing their interlinkages as well as the related roles of districts and their associations. Subsequently, several tools are introduced that districts might operate to develop and implement economic development strategies. VNG International hopes that these publications will offer all those interested a spectrum of ideas and will serve as a source of inspiration.

-    VNG International in Somaliland - Tools for Promoting Inclusive and Resilient Economic Development 
Project partners: the Association of Local Government Authorities of Somaliland (ALGASL), Berbera District and the Berbera Economic Forum (BEF)

-    VNG International in Puntland State, Somalia - Tools for Promoting Inclusive and Resilient Economic Development
Project partner: the Association of Local Government Authorities of Puntland (ALGAPL)